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Building Materials & Construction Technologies , will be organized around the theme “Commencing New Techniques for Efficient Structures & Dwellings”
Building Materials 2019 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Building Materials 2019
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It is a professional discipline that deals with the designing, planning, construction and management of infrastructures such as roads, tunnels, bridges, airports, dams, tunnels and other projects. Construction Engineering is considered as a sub-practice area of Civil Engineering and Architectural Engineering.
Green Buildings, also known as sustainable buildings mentions to both the structure and tender processes that are environmentally in charge and reserve capable throughout the life cycle of a building. This requires close collaboration of the contractor, the architects, the engineers at all project stages. The major environment benefits of the green buildings are that it reduces wastage of water, conserves natural resources, improves the quality of air and water, and also protects the biodiversity and ecosystem. Few green building materials that proves to be way better and economical than concrete are used in such a way that they prove to be the most energy conserving material in building industry.
- Track 2-1 Rammed Earth
- Track 2-2 Grasscrete Method
- Track 2-3 Recycled Plastic
- Track 2-4 Ferrock & Timbercrete
Building Materials plays a vital role in the field of both construction and architecture engineering. The site that has been selected and the surroundings of that particular site helps to determine the choice of the building materials built for that specific site. The idea of Building Materials defines the efficiency and durability of the material. The more durable the material is, the minimum is its chance of collapsing.
- Track 3-1 Efflorescence in bricks
- Track 3-2 Manufacturing of bricks and its uses
- Track 3-3 Tests required
- Track 3-4 Criteria for selection
The prominence of construction technology can be understood from the fact that civil engineers use construction technology and management to perform a wide range of functions. They plan, design, supervise and maintain a wide variety of building structures and facilities.
- Track 4-1 Insulating Materials
- Track 4-2 Sound Absorbing Materials
- Track 4-3 Acoustical Design of Auditorium
- Track 4-4 Sound Insulation of Walls and Floors
- Track 4-5 Fire Resisting Construction Materials
Cracks in building can occur due to changes in climate and temperature, environmental stresses like earth quakes etc. Due to wrong method of construction, bad quality of materials, weather effects and lots of wear and tear can create cracks in walls, ceiling, floors. Therefore, more the durability properties of the materials, less will be the cracks in structures and dwellings.
- Track 5-1Reason for cracks
- Track 5-2Elastic deformation
- Track 5-3Movement due to creep
- Track 5-4Chemical Reaction
- Track 5-5Cracks due to vegetation
Environmental Engineering is the topic which helps to minimize and specially manage the waste, pollution, protection of the water, soil from other hazardous materials. Equipment Engineering analyses, maintains whereas also improves the various types of earthwork and mechanical equipments.
- Track 6-1 Industrial Waste Treatment
- Track 6-2 Health and Safety
- Track 6-3 Destruction processes
- Track 6-4 Recycling
- Track 6-5 Modeling of parts
- Track 6-6 Availability in industries
- Track 6-7 Maintenance
The term “foundation engineering” is used to include the design of foundations for buildings and other structures and also for such non foundation problems as designs of retaining walls, bulkheads, cofferdams, tunnels, and earth dams, as well as the design of natural slopes, dewatering of soils, and stabilization of soils mechanically and chemically.
- Track 7-1Site Investigation and Selection of Foundation
- Track 7-2Bearing capacity of Soil
- Track 7-3Settlement of Structures
- Track 7-4Pile Foundation
- Track 7-5Retaining Walls
The process of Structure Analysis is simple in concepts but complex in details. It involves the analysis of a proposed structure to show that its resistance or strength will meet or exceed a reasonable expectation. The structure must perform its intended function safely over its useful life. It is advantageous when kinematic indeterminacy static indeterminacy.
- Track 8-1Structural Loads
- Track 8-2High Rise Buildings
- Track 8-3Design of Shear Walls
- Track 8-4Load Cases
In the construction of a large number of buildings, neighbourhoods and even architectural zones which have been designed and constructed based on different concepts of energy efficient and environmentally friendly technologies. Energy consumption of buildings, which was not significant for the past, has become the dominant measure of the quality of the project. In the current days, all over the world is paying more attention to the problem of resource conservation on heating buildings and its efficient use. Saving energy is one of the most actual topics for today. Modern buildings and facilities have huge reserves to increase their thermal efficiency
- Track 9-1 Domestic Energy Conservation
- Track 9-2 Superinsulation
- Track 9-3 Low Carbon Communities
- Track 9-4 Low energy building techniques
Sustainable construction involves issues such as the design and management of buildings; materials performance; construction technology and processes; energy and resource efficiency in building, operation and maintenance; robust products and technologies; long-term monitoring; adherence to ethical standards; socially-viable environments; stakeholder participation; occupational health and safety and working conditions; innovative financing models; improvement to existing contextual conditions; interdependencies of landscape, infrastructure, urban fabric and architecture; flexibility in building use, function and change; and the dissemination of knowledge in related academic, technical and social contexts.
- Track 10-1 Life cycle assessment
- Track 10-2 Siting and Structure design efficiency
- Track 10-3 Water & Energy efficiency
- Track 10-4 Materials Efficiency
- Track 10-5 Indoor Environmental quality enhancement
- Track 10-6 Waste Reduction
Metal fabrication is the building of metal structures by bending, cutting and assembling processes. It is an esteem included process that includes the production of machines, parts, and structures from different crude materials. A fab shop will offer on work, typically in view of the designing illustrations, and if granted the agreement will manufacture the item. Expensive fab shops will utilize a large number of significant worth included procedures in a single plant or office including welding, cutting, framing and machining. These extensive fab shops offer extra an incentive to their clients by constraining the requirement for obtaining faculty to find various sellers for various administrations. Metal creation occupations as a rule begin with shop illustrations including exact estimations, at that point move to the manufacture stage lastly to the establishment of the last undertaking.
- Track 11-1 Specialty Alloy and Foundry
- Track 11-2 Coke & Iron manufacturing
- Track 11-3 Steel Casting Techniques
- Track 11-4 Non-Structural Steel
Strengthened cement is a composite material in which concrete's for the most part low inflexibility and pliability are killed by the consolidation of stronghold having higher versatility or adaptability. The fortification is typically, however not really, Steel strengthening bars (rebar) and is generally implanted latently in the solid before the solid sets. Fortifying plans are by and large intended to oppose malleable worries specifically districts of the solid that may cause unsuitable breaking and additionally auxiliary disappointment. Present day strengthened cement can contain fluctuated fortifying materials made of Steel, polymers or substitute composite material in conjunction with rebar or not. Strengthened cement may likewise be for all time worried (in pressure), in order to enhance the conduct of the last structure under working burdens. In the United States, the most widely recognized strategies for doing this are known as pre-tensioning and post-tensioning.
- Track 12-1 Design of Silos
- Track 12-2 Design Retaining Wall
- Track 12-3 Design RC Wall Tanks
- Track 12-4 Analysis of wind Loads
Quality Assurance and Quality Control are extremely important aspects of any engineering or construction project without which successful completion of the project can’t be imagined. Quality Assurance includes all those quality parameters or guidelines that would ensure that a project or a product meets it’s planned or targetted quality by it’s stakeholders or the producers. All the documents providing quality parameters or guidelines for that purpose are part of quality domain and are called QA documents.
- Track 13-1 Prepare a Checklist
- Track 13-2 Choosing the Right CAD Software
- Track 13-3Adopting a “Continuous Improvement” Culture
With the rapid growth of technology, it has been found that measures have been applied at its best to rebuild or recompose the materials such that it can be more efficient and durable with respect to the previous material and also should be economical. Topics such as pollution and other related area has initiated to make a change in the chemical properties too.
- Track 14-1Sturdy & High Performance Concrete
- Track 14-2Self Compacting Concrete
- Track 14-3 Mineral Admixtures & its Uses
- Track 14-4 Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag
- Track 14-5 Hydrophobic Concrete Waterproofing System
- Track 14-6 Durability Enhancing Products
- Track 14-7 Recycled Aggregates
Smart Structures offers the possibility to bout the circumstances for more than one optimal state thereby encircling functionality. Smart Structures are adept of distinguishing stimuli, replying to it, and relapsing to its original state after the stimuli is removed. Smart structures can resist usual misfortunes. Many distinct erections such as metals, tiles or polymers cannot satisfy all the needed technological demands. Therefore, there is an ongoing search for the new materials with the very newest, and especially improvised properties.
- Track 15-1 Ceramics
- Track 15-2 Structural Engineering
- Track 15-3 Bridges, Towers, Dams,Tunnels
- Track 15-4 Green Buildings
- Track 15-5 Smart Design and Construction
A Structure can be defined as a figure which can resist the practical load without substantial distortions. Civil engineering structure are created to serve some specific function like human habitation, transportation, bridges, storages etc.in a safe and economical way. It is concerned with the planning, designing and the construction of structure. Structure Analysis involves the determination of the force and displacements of the structure or components of a structure.
- Track 16-1 Foundation Design
- Track 16-2 Column Design
- Track 16-3 Beams Design
- Track 16-4 Beams Design
- Track 16-5 Slab Design
Design of Reinforced concrete structures is a basic design course in Building Material Engineering as well as for Civil Engineering. In this topic, basic elements governed by bending, shear, axial forces or combination of them are identified and are considered as building blocks of the whole structure.
- Track 17-1 Limit state of collapse – flexure
- Track 17-2 Design of singly reinforced beam
- Track 17-3 Design of doubly reinforced beam
- Track 17-4 Limit state of collapse – shear
- Track 17-5 Design of footing
- Track 17-6 Design of staircase
Building materials account for 60% to 70% of the house construction cost in most developing countries of the world. Any economy in the cost of materials will go a long way in cutting down the overall construction costs which have risen sharply during the last few years. The increase in back log of housing , both in the rural and urban areas of the country, coupled with limited resources available with the government , makes it very necessary to have a close look at the performance of the traditional as well as new building materials developed. Though materials technology has made rapid advances in the past few years, engineers looking upon the availability of building materials for low cost housing have only a limited choice from the most common, traditional building materials such as soil, brick, stone, lime, gypsum, timber, concrete and steel.
- Track 18-1Low Cost Housing
- Track 18-2Foundation System
- Track 18-3 Prestressing Systems
- Track 18-4 Construction Equipment planning
- Track 18-5 Bridge Launching Techniques
Urban Planning can be described as a professional field concerned with the political and technical process of addressing people’s health and welfare in urban areas by controlling the use of land and designing the urban environment, such as transportation, natural environment and communication networks for the general good of the community. Performing site inspection and surveys, evaluating development and re-development plan for projects, assisting developers in obtaining permits, preparing plan charts etc are the main motives for the construction management and also for the civil engineers in the urban planning and designing.
- Track 19-1Plans for urban and rural subdivisions
- Track 19-2Determining & implementing zoning laws
- Track 19-3Advising the planning officials
- Track 19-4Investigating the availability of properties
- Track 19-5Working with associates and technicians
Sanitary engineering is the application of engineering methods to improve sanitation of human communities, primarily by providing the removal and disposal of human waste, and in addition to the supply of safe potable water. Generally, sanitary engineers work for municipalities and are highly trained professionals with a diverse range of engineering skills. Some are involved with a specific area of concern such as waste collection or the maintenance of waste water facilities and storm water drainage systems within a district.
- Track 20-1Biomedical waste
- Track 20-2Chemical waste
- Track 20-3Toxic waste
- Track 20-4Construction waste
- Track 20-5Biodegradable waste
Railway Engineering is a professional field in Transportation and Civil Engineering. Railways are extremely complex and expensive systems which are wholly planned for the effective passage of trains to transport people, freight and equipment. The incredibly advanced trains which use these rail networks are expensive vehicles and so a Railway Engineer is faced with different challenges to a Highway Engineer. Railway Engineers holds mechanical design services and knowledge of force methods that allows them to design train vessels. Railway Engineers are frequently on site, either supervising the rail system or in a ‘hands on’ capacity.
- Track 21-1Electrical Engineering
- Track 21-2On-track plant
- Track 21-3Rolling Resistance
- Track 21-4Wheel-rail interface
- Track 21-5Light rail systems
The method is used to build the span and its physical obstacles without concluding the system beneath such as a bulk of water, valley, or road, for the determination of providing route over the obstacle. Tunneling is an alternative pathway excavated through the adjacent soil, earthwork, rock and enclosed except for entry and exit, commonly at the each ends.
- Track 22-1 Bridge Foundations & Substructures
- Track 22-2 Hard Rock Tunneling
- Track 22-3 Drainage of Tunnels
- Track 22-4 Safety in Tunnel Constructions
Proper Management plays a vital role in each and every individual construction activity from the inception stage. It will be a challenging task to plan, monitor, construct and execute the project at various levels. The project manager will be the most responsible and crucial person to perform all the activities effectively within a specified time duration without compromising the quality aspect of the construction. Improper management, cheap construction techniques, poor quality construction materials, improper coordination among the people, unskilled manpower leads to the natural failure of any minor and mega level projects. Sometimes a small error in any stage of construction might cause the collapse of structure naturally
- Track 23-1Project Life Cycle
- Track 23-2Selection of professional services
- Track 23-3Legal & Regulatory requirements
- Track 23-4Factors affecting job site productivity
- Track 23-5Plant & Equipment management
The ultimate goal of the design for deconstruction is to end the life of the building and also to minimize the construction of raw materials. This method implies to renovate the building materials and find ways to reuse them in other projects. By this system, the overall environmental impact can be reduced.
- Track 24-1 Construction with an early idea of deconstruction
- Track 24-2 Recycling the raw materials
- Track 24-3 Improving the environmental conditions
Human factors in design refers to the aesthetic products that influence the design of system and the environment. Understanding the relationship between people, objects and their environment is very important when human factors are to be considered in design
- Track 25-1 Human factors that need to be considered
- Track 25-2 Discussing the suitability of data gatherings
- Track 25-3 Discussing the suitability of data gatherings
Shortcuts in engineering design can cause to engineering disasters. Engineering is the science and technology used to fulfill the needs and demand of the society. These demands includes buildings, aircrafts, vessels and computer software. In order to meet society’s demands, the creation of newer technology and infrastructure must be met efficiently and cost effectively. To accomplish this, the managers and engineers have to have a mutual approach to the specified demand at hand. This can lead to shortcuts in engineering design to reduce the cost of construction and fabrication. These shortcuts can lead to unexpected design failure.
- Track 26-1Failure due to static loading
- Track 26-2Failure due to fatigue
- Track 26-3Failure due to miscommunication
- Track 26-4Infamous disasters in engineering
Any structure for whatsoever purpose and of whatsoever materials constructed and every part thereof whether used as human habitation or not and includes foundation, plinth, walls, floors, roofs, chimneys, plumbing and building services, fixed platforms, verandah, balcony, cornice or projection, part of a building or anything affixed thereto or any wall enclosing or intended to enclose any land or space and signs and outdoor display structures.
- Track 27-1Rain water harvesting
- Track 27-2Minimum Standards for various parts of the Buildings and requirements
- Track 27-3Categories in residential building types and plan
Water assets are wellsprings of water that are possibly helpful. Employments of water incorporate rural, mechanical, family unit, recreational and ecological exercises. Every living thing expects water to develop and repeat. 97% of the water on the Earth is salt water and just three percent is new water; somewhat more than 66% of this is solidified in icy masses and polar ice caps. The staying unfrozen freshwater is discovered chiefly as Groundwater, with just a little division introduce over the ground or in the air. New water is a sustainable asset, yet the world's supply of Groundwater is relentlessly diminishing, with exhaustion happening most conspicuously in Asia, South America and North America, despite the fact that it is as yet indistinct how much common reestablishment adjusts this use, and whether environments are threatened. The structure for distributing water assets to water clients (where such a system exists) is known as water rights.
- Track 28-1Groundwater
- Track 28-2Frozen water
- Track 28-3Pollution and water protection
- Track 28-4Water shortages